Texas By the Numbers

Hispanic Population Increases Drive State Growth

Texas’ population stood at more than 25 million residents in the 2010 U.S. Census, as the state population increased 20.6 percent since 2000.

Much of the growth we’ve experienced in the past decade is attributed to increases in our Hispanic population. Hispanics accounted for 65 percent of Texas’ growth between 2000-2010, and, today, make up nearly 38 percent of our population. That’s up from 32 percent at the end of the 1990s.

Former U.S. Census Bureau director and former state demographer, Steve Murdock, currently at Rice University has said “We’re seeing Hispanic growth not just deepen, but become pervasive throughout the state.” Further, he also notes that most of the growth among Hispanics stemmed from births to families already living here.

Chart 1 shows the ten Texas MSAs (metropolitan statistical areas) that posted the largest increases in Hispanic population since the 2000 U.S. Census.

Percent Increase of Hispanic Population 
Between 2000-2010

Longview 94.2 
Tyler 84.9 
Sherman/Denison 82.0
Austin/Round Rock 64.2
Beaumont/Port Arthur 62.3
College Station/Bryan 61.0
Killeen/Temple/Ft. Hood 59.1
Dallas/Ft. Worth/Arlington 56.8
Houston/Sugar Land/Baytown 55.1
Midland 53.2 
Source: U.S. Census 2010, Hobby Center for the Study of Texas at Rice University.

Chart 2 shows the impact that growth rate has had on the MSA’s total Hispanic population. For example, today, Hispanics represent 37.7 percent of Midland’s population, after seeing its Hispanic population increase 53.2 percent in the past decade.

Current Hispanic Percent of Total Population for 
Top Ten Fastest Growing Hispanic Population MSAs
Midland 37.7%
Houston/Sugar Land/Baytown 35.3%
Austin/Round Rock 31.4%
Dallas/Ft. Worth/Arlington 27.5%
College Station/Bryan 22.5%
Killeen/Temple/Ft. Hood 20.3%
Tyler 17.2%
Longview 14.1%
Beaumont/Port Arthur 12.9%
Sherman/Denison 11.3%

Source: U.S. Census 2010, Hobby Center for the Study of Texas at Rice University.